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The four major temperaments has a theory that is proto-psychological and it suggests that there are four fundamental personality types: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic. Most formulations include the possibility of mixtures among the types where an individual’s personality types overlap and they share two or more temperaments. Greek physician Hippocrates (c. 460 – c. 370 BC) described the four temperaments as part of the ancient medical concept of humorist, that four bodily fluids affect human personality traits and behaviors. Modern medical science does not define a fixed relationship between internal secretions and personality, although some psychological personality type systems use categories similar to the Greek temperaments.

We would therefore walk you through a brief descriptions of these character traits


  • They are naturally proud
  • They are very extrovert
  • They are domineering
  • They love to lead and direct affairs
  • They mostly seek to be in control of situations
  • They always want to be on top and be seen
  • They exhibit high level of resilience
  • They usually do not relent, until they’ve succeeded
  • They are easily angered
  • They are hot tempered
  • They are irascible

cholerics are alphas of our species


  • They are undoubtedly gloomy of mind (especially when an act/situation becomes habitual or prolonged)
  • They are perfectionists
  • They are also idealist, who want things to be done in certain way (therefore, they do not vouch for mediocrity)
  • They only award/appreciate excellent performance/results
  • They are generally finicky
  • They hold themselves and others to unrealistically high standards
  • They enjoy individual studies/learning than group learning
  • They delight in breaking & setting new records
  • They are generally bookworms
  • They easily get distressed when expectations/standards are not met
  • They are generally neat, organized and focused

Melancholia does not easily share because he/she believe you can’t handle it the way he/she wants it


  • They are generally meek, submissive and introverts
  • They live to please others.
  • They are also workaholics
  • They do not act as if they are better than others
  • They are eager to please others rather than asserting their own desires
  • They are not easily excited to actions or display of emotion, apathetic, sluggish etc…
  • They are extremely slow – pace and stubborn
  • They go through life doing as little as possible, quietly and expending little energy
  • They are very emotional, yet, able to accommodate/tolerate everyone
  • They are not daring due to unnecessary apprehensions
  • They are easily persuaded
  • They are able to endure pressure
  • They are not sex fun and can survive for long without sex
  • They are mostly vulnerable to social vices

Phlegmatic mostly performs abysmal in leadership positions


  • They are easily noted by their cheerful mood
  • They are very optimistic, hopeful & confident
  • They are boisterous, bubbly, chatty & openly emotional
  • They are socially extroverts
  • They easily forgive and let go
  • They love to comment on whatever they see/hear
  • They find social interactions with faces both familiar and unfamiliar
  • They have mastery over emotional tendencies
  • They do not intentionally plan to learn, yet, they are able to grasp information just by audio or visual
  • They are often disorganized and faulter in their discretions

Sanguine easily commit unpardonable mistakes (cheating in relationship)


These characteristics differentiate you from the rest, making you distinct. It must also be noted, that one person can exhibit all the four categories, however, one of them would dominate or be profound.

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Note that none of these four temperamental traits is EVIL, you only have to know/identify yourself and manage it accordingly.
It’s expedient to know yourself in order to help you know others, it can enhance your healthy relationships with every individual.
Do not forget, that Nature & Nurture have the tendencies of altering these traits, great men have discovered there’s and managing them try and discover yours too

Except from TIM LAHAYE book (Nature Of Temperament)


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